Definition of pain


     According to the new Taxonomy on Pain, the most complete definition of Pain is as follows:

" Pain is an unpleasant, emotional and sensory experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, inherently influenced by various cognitive, affective, and environmental factors . "

     According to this scientific definition of pain, pain is a multidimensional and a complex process; that is, pain is a process which can affect the individual physically, emotionally, psychologically, socially, occupationally and in many other ways. This establishes a new frame of reference which allows the pain specialist to treat and the pain patient to be treated in an effective and appropriate manner. This treatment is best accomplished by the professional services of aPain Specialist in an interdisciplinary setting.

There are two types of pain: Acutepain and Chronic pain

Acute pain Acute pain is induced by any form of injury (trauma, disease, treatment intervention such as surgery) that results in activation of nerve receptors at the site of local tissue injury. The pain resolves when the underlying mechanism heals or remits

Chronic pain is a condition where pain extends beyond the expected period of healing.


 Being a sensation of discomfort, distress or even agony, pain can exert definite physical and mental effects. The lives of chronic pain sufferers change in too many ways for them to cope and deal with pain. Personality and attitude change many times, leaving behind a feeling of hopelessness and despair. Depression, irritability, loss of sleep, isolation and lack of activity makes life an endless misery. As a result, trying to deal with pain becomes the center of the patient's life. The patient gets into the habits of doctor shopping, drug dependence, multiple invasive and non-invasive procedures, until at last the patient finds himself running from place to place on a never ending merry-go-round. 


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